Painting Medium – Abstract: Made use of all mediums, oil, acrylic, watercolour, ink drawings. The implementation done often through area painting that is colourful and conveys depth. To achieve a different appearance, images created in a Batik technique, oil paint applied transparent through glazing over canvas. Other treatments occurred with paintbrushes to make many crosshatch strokes that create an airy surface. Most abstract paintings came to be without a drawing, related to automatism.